Plato's Republic

Plato in the Republic argues that either kings should be philosophers or philosophers should be kings. His reasoning is that philosophers possess special knowledge which is needed for successfully running the republic. He was disgruntled by the state of the Athenian republic which was unstable and was shifting from anarchy to tyranny. He believed that this state of affairs was directly related to incompetent leadership that did not have the proper skills and morals to effectively run the republic.

Plato’s Republic Summary