project report on automobile industry BY latal 2345 PESTLE ANALYSIS OF AUTOMOBILE SECTOR OF INDIA: PESTLE Analysts PESTLE Analysis is a simple, useful and widely-used tool that helps you understand the “big picture” of your Political, Economic, Socio-cultural and Technological, Legal and Environmental aspects. As such, it is used by business leaders worldwide to build their vision of the future. PESTLE analysis is concerned with the environmental influences on a business. Identifying PESTLE influences is a useful way of summarizing the external environment in which a business operates.
However, it ust be followed up by consideration of how a business should respond to these influences. It is important for these reasons: First, by making effective use of PESTLE Analysis, you ensure that what you are doing is aligned positively with the powerful forces of change that are affecting our world. By taking advantage of change, you are much more likely to be successful than if your activities oppose it; Second, good use of PESTLE Analysis helps you avoid taking action that is doomed to failure from the outset, for reasons beyond your control; and Third, PESTLE is useful when you start operating in a new country or region.
Use of PESTLE helps you break free of unconscious assumptions, and helps you quickly adapt to the realities of the new environment. PESTLE Analysis of Automobile Sector Political: In 2002, the Indian government formulated an auto policy that aimed at promoting integrated, phased, enduring and self-sustained growth of the Indian automotive industry Allows automatic approval for foreign equity investment up to 100% in the automotive sector and does not lay down any minimum investment criteria.
Formulation of an appropriate auto fuel policy to ensure availability of adequate mount of appropriate fuel to meet emission norms Confirms the government’s intention on harmonizing the regulatory standards with the rest of the world Indian government auto policy aimed at promoting an integrated, phased and conductive growth of the Indian automobile industry. Allowing automatic approval for foreign equity investment up to 100% with no minimum investment criteria. Establish an international hub for manufacturing small, affordable passenger cars as well as tractor and two wheelers.
Ensure a balanced transition to open trade at minimal risk to the Indian economy and local industry. Assist development of vehicle propelled by alternate energy source. Lying emphasis on R activities carried out by companies in India by giving a weighted tax deduction of up to 150% for in house research and R activities. Plan to have a terminal life policy for CVs along with incentives for implementation of mass rapid transport system. Economic: The level of inflation Employment level per capita is right.
Economic pressures on the industry are causing automobile companies to reorganize the traditional sales process. Weighted tax deduction of up to 150% for in-house research and R & D activities. Govt. as granted concessions, such as reduced interest rates for export financing. The Indian economy has grown at 8. 5% per annum. The manufacturing sector has grown at 8-10 % per annum in the last few years. More than 90% of the CV purchase is on credit. Finance availability to CV buyers has grown in scope during the last few years.
The increased enforcement of overloading restrictions has also contributed to an increase in the no. of CVs plying on Indian roads. Several Indian firms have partnered with global players. While some have formed Joint ventures with equity participation, other also has entered into technology tie-ups. Establishment of India as a manufacturing hub, for mint, compact cars, OEMs and for auto components. Social: Since changed lifestyle of people, leads to increased purchase of automobiles, so automobile sector have a large customer base to serve.
The average family size is 4, which makes it favorable to buy a four wheeler. Growth in urbanization, 4th largest economy by ppp index. Upward migration of household income levels. 85% of cars are financed in India. Car priced below USD 12000 accounts for nearly 80% of the market. Vehicles priced between USD 7000-12000 form the largest segment in the passenger car market. Indian customers are highly discerning, educated and well informed. They are price sensitive and put a lot of emphasis on value for money. Preference for small and compact cars.
They are socially acceptable even amongst the well off. Preference for fuel efficient cars with low running costs. Technological: More and more emphasis is being laid on R & D activities carried out by companies in India. Weighted tax deduction of up to 150% for in-house research and R & D activities. The Government of India is promoting National Automotive Testing and R Infrastructure Project (NATRIP) to support the growth of the auto industry in India Technological solutions helps in integrating the supply chain, hence reduce losses and increase profitability.
Customized solutions (designer cars, etc) can be provided with the proliferation of technology Internet makes it easy to collect and analyse customer feedback With the entry of global companies into the Indian market, advanced technologies, both in product and production process have made entry into the market. Few global companies have setup R centers in India. Major global players like audi, BMW, Hyundai etc have setup their manufacturing units in India. Environmental: Physical infrastructure such as roads and bridges affect the use of automobiles.
If there is good availability of roads or the roads are smooth then it will affect the use of automobiles. Physical conditions like environmental situation affect the use of automobiles. If the environment is pleasant then it will lead to more use of vehicles. Technological solutions helps in integrating the supply chain, hence reduce losses and increase profitability. With the entry of global companies into the Indian market, advanced technologies, both in product and production process have developed.